VENÄJÄNSPANIELI , VENÄJÄN METSÄSTYSSPANIELI (RUSSIAN HUNTING SPANIEL)

Alkuperämaa: Venäjä
Ryhmä: 8
Hyväksytty Kennelliitto 4.4.2019
FCI:N LUOKITUS: Ryhmä 8 ylösajavat, noutavat koirat ja vesikoirat
alaryhmä 2 ylösajavat koirat

Lyhyt rotumääritelmä

Venäjänspanieli on pitkäkarvainen keskikokoinen rotu. Venäjänspanielin runko on pidempi muin muilla samankokoisilla spanieleilla, karvapeite on pääasiassa lyhyt ja tiivis. Rotu ei pienestä koostaan huolimatta ole hintelä. Sen lyhyt, tiivis ja silkkinen karvapeite on korvissa ja raajoissa pitkää. Venäjänspanieleilla on useita hyväksyttyjä värejä: yksivärinen, kirjava, täplikäs, musta ruskein merkein sekä erilaiset yhdistelmät. Venäjänspanielin runko on samankaltainen kuin metsästykseen käytettävällä metsästyslinjaisella cockerspanielilla erotuksena kuitenkin venäjänspanielilla on pidemmät korvat. Pään muoto on myös erilainen kuin cockerspanielilla. Sukupuolesta riippumatta koira painaa 9,1-16 kg ja on 38-45,1 cm korkea.

Tarkempi rotumääritelmä: Löytyy esittelyn lopulla.

Luonne

Venäjänspanieli on energinen ja eloisa. Venäjänspanieli on haluttu rotu myös seurakoiraksi, koska se on erittäin sosiaalinen, uskollinen ja lapsirakas. Venäjänspanieli on nykyään myös erittäin suosittu näyttelykoira. Venäjän viidenneksi suosituin rotu. Venäjänspanieli on elämäniloinen, aktiivinen ja aina valmis leikkimään vastaten mihin tahansa huomion osoitukseen iloisella hännän heilutuksella sellaisella innolla että koko vartalo elää mukana. Venäjänspanieli on helppo kouluttaa mm agilityyn, rally-tokoon ja moneen muuhunkin harrastukseen. Venäjänspanielista saa kouluttamalla myös vahtikoiran.
Venäjänspanielin omistajat saavat usein vastata ohikulkijoiden kysymyksiin tästä kauniista koirasta ulkoilessaan kadulla tai puistossa. Rotu on Suomessa harvinainen eivätkä suomenkieliset koirakirjat tunne rotua.

Harrastus

Venäjänspanieli on tullut tunnetuksi metsästyskoirana ja siihen rotua pääasiassa käytetään Venäjällä. Suosio metsästyskoirana on suuri myös Virossa, Liettuassa ja Latviassa. Venäjänspanieleita käytetään ylösajavana lintukoirana sekä myös muun riistan metsästyksessä kuten villisian, kauriitten ja jopa karhun metsästykseen.

Venäjänspanielien suosio näyttelykoirana on kasvanut Venäjällä koko ajan ja myös muissa Baltia maissa. Venäjällä yhdessä näyttelyssä voi olla yli 100 venäjänspanielia. Toivottavasti pian myös Suomessa nähdään muullakin kuin Match Showssa tämän hurmaavan rodun edustajia. Match Showt ovat tapahtumina hyvää treeniä kaikille koiraroduille.

Venäjänspanieli on helppo kouluttaa agilityyn, rally-tokoon sekä moneen muuhunkin harrastukseen. Venäjänspanieleita on myös esimerkiksi tullilla töissä. Siitä saa myös hyvän vahtikoiran. Venäjänspanieli oppii myös mielellään temppuja, katso linkki:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_JGW3vHgBGQ

 

Tarkka ja virallinen rotumääritelmä:

RUSSKIY OKHOTNICHIY SPANIEL

 (Breed name in the country of origin)

RUSSIAN HUNTING SPANIEL

(Venäjänspanieli)

Illustration on first page

Drawing or photo of the breed to illustrate (body + head)

To be provided by country of origin/patronage/development of the breed

TRANSLATION:

Translator: Anna Samsonova

Editor: Eugene Yerusalimsky

Official authentic language English

ORIGIN: Russian Federation

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 00/00/0000..

UTILIZATION:

Hunting dog for bird-game, Flushing dog, Retriever

FCI-CLASSIFICATION:

Group 8         Retrievers-Flushing Dogs-Water Dogs.

Section 2       Flushing Dogs.

With working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:

The hunting spaniels are known to have appeared in Russia in the last decade of the 19th century. But most of these short-legs breed varieties of spaniels turned out to be less suitable for hunting in the conditions of the vast Russian territory with the varieties of landmarks, and in the early of the 20th century the lowers of the bird game began the selection of higher-legs and more temperament gundogs.

The first standard for the breed was developed and adopted in 1951.

In 1966 the standard was reviewed and amendments were added.

Russian hunting spaniel is used as a flushing dog for water and bird game and possesses all obligatory qualities for the hunting dog: stamina, perseverance in searching for wounded game, excellent nose, and good speed in seizing dead or wounded game, inherited retrieval of a game both on land and in water.

The task of the dog is to search the game, make it flight or run and after the shot retrieve the game to the hunter on his order.

The breed is spread on all vast Russian territory.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Russian spaniel is a well-proportioned, long-bodied, medium sized, long-haired strong boned and very muscular flushing gundog.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

Length of body measured from sternum to point of buttock is 110-115 % in males and 115-120 % in females.

Length of muzzle is equal to the length of scull.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:

Friendly dog possesses balanced and agile temperament.

HEAD

In proportion with the body, dry, moderately long, more massive in males.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull is moderately broad, oval viewed from above; cheeks are not protruded.

Occiput is hardly visible.

Parallel planes.

Eyebrows are moderately developed.

Stop is prominent yet smooth.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Nose leather is large with wide open nostrils, the colour is varying from brown to black in accordance with the main coat colour.

Muzzle long, slightly narrow than the cranial part, well filled in under the eyes, slightly narrowed towards the nose, somewhat blunt shaped.

Lips: Dry, taut. The pigmentation is in accordance with the coat colour.

Jaws/Teeth:  Perfect, strong, regular, complete. Scissors bite.

Eyes: dark-brown or brown in accordance with the main coat colour, almond-shaped, of medium size, set straight ahead. In brown and brown-white dogs the light brown eyes are permitted. Eyelids are close fitting, eye rims are well pigmented.

Ears: Dropped, lobular, close to the cheeks, movable, moderately large, set at the eye level or slightly higher. Slightly strached forward, the ear should reach the tip of the nose.

NECK:

Moderately long, medium high set neck, well muscled, oval in cross – section, dry.

BODY:

Top line: slightly sloping from the withers towards the tail set.

Withers:

Well develop, height at withers somewhat exceeds the height at rump, especially in males.

Back:

Firm, broad, well-muscled.

Loin:

Short, broad, muscular, slightly arched.

Croup:

Broad, moderately long, slightly sloping, well-muscled.

Chest:

Deep, moderately wide, long; false ribs are well developed.

Underline and belly:

Tucked up moderately from false rib to flanks.

TAIL:

Proceeds the croup, rather thick at the root, lively, straight, well feathered.

In repose, the tail carried straight at the back level in continuation of top line, when excited, carried slightly upwards. To avoid injuries at game-shooting, the tail is to be docked by one half during the first three days after birth.

In countries where docking is not permitted, the tail is to be left natural.

The dogs with docked tails and with natural tails should be judged equally.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS:

General appearance:

Dry, well-boned, seen from the front are straight and parallel

Shoulder:

Shoulder blades well laid back.

Humero-scapula close to the right angle.

Upper arm:

Obliquely set, almost of the same length as the shoulder blades.

Elbow:

Close to body, turning neither in nor out

Forearm:

Straight

 Metacarpus (Pastern):

Well-boned, strong, seen from the side set slightly oblique.

 Forefeet:

Well rounded, tight, compact, toes close to each other with dense hair between them (brush).

HINDQUARTERS:

General appearance:

Seen from the side are well angulated.

Seen from rear are straight, parallel, well muscled, set wider than the forearms.

Thigh:

Moderately long, somewhat obliquely set, well-muscled.

Stifle (Knee):

Well-bent.

Lower thigh:

Moderately long, somewhat obliquely set.

Hock joint:

Well-boned, set upright. Dewclaws should be removed during the first three days after birth to avoid any injuries at game-shooting. In countries where this removal is not permitted, the dewclaws are to be left.

Hind feet:

Similar to the front feet.

GAIT / MOVEMENT:

Free, fluent, ground covering. Typical movement in searching a game is a light gallop, changing into a trot in a difficult terrain.

SKIN:

Elastic skin without subcutaneous cellular and loose folds.

COAT:

Hair:

Outer coat is moderately long, bright, close fitting, flat or slightly wavy.

Head and forelegs: short and flat.

Crest, back, sides, croup: moderately long and dense.

Forechest, chest, belly, inner part of the forelegs, upper and low thighs, ears ant the tail: the outer coat is long, soft, wavy, well-feathered.

Between toes: dense, short, brush-like.

Colour:

Solid: black, brown, red (vary from fawn to dark red). Small white marks on the forechest and / or on the throat and feet are permitted. The mentioned colours can be with tans.

Bi-colour: black-white, red-white, brown-white with distinct borders between the colours, with or without specks; roan or speckled with the pigmentation in accordance with colours mentioned above.

Tri-colour: black-white and tan, brown-white and tan; specks and / or roan in the shadow of the mentioned above colours are possible.

Bi-colour and tri colour dogs may be both flecked and piebald.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height at withers:         Males – 40-45 cm,           Females: 38-43 cm.

Weight:                               Males                                  Females

 

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.

Not enough strong bone, too heavy bone;

Poor pronounced sexual dimorphism;

Not enough developed withers especially in males;

Excess excitability or phlegm;

Slightly coarse, heavy or light head; pronounced cheeks;

Roman nose;

Short muzzle, slightly defined stop, not tightly lips; blunt contour of the upper lip;

Ears not enough mobile;

Rounded, small, hollow eyes; light brown eyes in any colour except brown or brown-white;

Small, widely spaced teeth, missing premolars (not more than two from P1, P2, P3);

Dewlap;

Back somewhat sift of roaches;

Deep behind shoulders;

Straight lion, somewhat loin;

Slightly narrow or short croup; sloping croup; poor-muscled croup;

Immobile tail; tail carrying between the legs;

The tail carrying upwards (not a vertical);

Slightly bowed front; slightly straight shoulders; slightly out of elbows; pigeon-toed front; slightly soft pasterns; east-west feet;

Not enough pronounced angulations; hock joints are slightly in or out; slightly close behind; hindquarters slightly too far under;

Wide; hare; splay feet; feet with too long and soft hair between toes;

Not enough energetic movement; mincing gate; constrained movement; not enough driving power in the hindquarters;

Harsh coat; not enough taut coat; too short, too long or too wavy outer coat; poor feather.

SEVERE FAULTS

Light or coarse conformation;

Unpronounced sexual dimorphism;

Too short or too long body;

Deviation from the height more than 2 cm up or down;

Coarse, heavy or light head, excessively pronounced cheeks; poor defined or abrupt stop;

Short muzzle; downfaced; broken up face; pendulous lips;

Ears set too high; not mobile ears;

Protruded eyes; too light, yellow eyes, prey eyes in any colour; how eyes; unpigmented eye rims;

Missing premolars (not more than fore from P1, P2, P3); missing P4 in the low jaw;

Coarse neck;

Hollow back; humped back; soft or long loin; narrow, short poor-muscled croup;

Narrow chest; barrel-shaped chest;

Obviously bowed front; straight shoulders and pasterns; out of elbows; pronounced pigeon-toed front; soft pasterns; pronounced east-west feet;

Straight rear angulations; in the rear are too close or too wide set apart; hock joints are in or out;

Flat splay feet;

Sluggish movement; pronounced mincing gate; pronounced constrained movement;

Too harsh coat; curly coat on the neck and the body; stand-off coat; wooly or short outer coat; lack of outer coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

Aggressive or overly shy dogs.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities;

Any deviation from scissors bite; wry mouth;

Missing incisors (one or more); broken incisors when they hinder to examine the bite;

Missing fangs (one or more);

Missing molars (one or more), except M3;

Missing two P4 in the low jaw; missing P4 (one or two) in the upper jaw;

Missing more than fore premolars from P1, P2, P3;

Party-coloured eyes;

Any colour except described in the standard; any colour of nose and lips except described in the standard;

Natural bobtail;

Cryptorchism.

 

N.B:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.

 

 Illustration on last page

Drawing of anatomical features (in any of the four FCI languages), compulsory in every standard (General Committee, Helsinki, October 2013)

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